Month: June 2018

Gathering Info For Oracle – Oracle Unified Directory

I’ve been opening a lot of tickets for Oracle Unified Directory bugs recently. To save time gathering, I put together a quick script that gathers the data for an initial ticket. It depends on having a $PKGDIRECTORY environment variable set to the installation directory, and the data is stashed in a gzip’d tar file in the /tmp directory.


$PKGDIRECTORY/Middleware/asinst_1/OUD/bin/start-ds -s > /tmp/${HOSTNAME%%.*}-startds.txt
$PKGDIRECTORY/Middleware/asinst_1/OUD/bin/status -D “cn=directory manager” -j ~/pwd.txt > /tmp/${HOSTNAME%%.*}-status.txt

tar -cvzf /tmp/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.tgz /tmp/${HOSTNAME%%.*}-startds.txt /tmp/${HOSTNAME%%.*}-status.txt $PKGDIRECTORY/Middleware/asinst_1/OUD/logs/access $PKGDIRECTORY/Middleware/asinst_1/OUD/logs/admin $PKGDIRECTORY/Middleware/asinst_1/OUD/logs/errors $PKGDIRECTORY/Middleware/asinst_1/OUD/logs/replication $PKGDIRECTORY/Middleware/asinst_1/OUD/logs/server.out
chmod o+r /tmp/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.tgz

Updating Oracle Unified Directory (OUD) SSL Certificate

# There are two environment variables set to allow this to work:
# WLSTOREPASS=Wh@t3v3rY0uU53d # WLSTOREPASS is set to whatever is used for the keystore and truststore password
# OUDINST=/path/to/OUD/installation (root into which both java and OUD were installed — if you are using an OS package
# for java, your paths will be different)
# Log into OUD web management GUI (https://hostname.domain.gTLD:7002/odsm) and verify for each server:
# Configuration=>General Configuration=>Connection Handlers=>LDAPS Connection handler: “Secure access properties” section, Key Manager Provider & Trust Manager Provider are JKS. Certificate name is short hostname
# Configuration=>General Configuration=>Kery Managers=>JKS: Path is /$OUDINST/Oracle/Middleware/<short hostname>.jks

# During Change, server can be online
# Use the web GUI to issue certificates from WIN-WEB-CA. Export each cert as a PFX with keystore password $WLSTOREPASS
# On each server, place the approprate PFX file named with the hostname (i.e. the cert for LDAPFrontEndAlias.domain.gTLD will be stored to HOST1 as host1.pfx but stored on HOST2 as host2.pfx) in /tmp/ssl
# Alternatively, issue one certificate with each hostname and the front end alias as SAN values and use a static filename for the PFX file
# Put the root & web CA base-64 public key in /tmp/ssl/ as well (named Win-Root-CA.b64.cer and Win-Web-CA.b64.cer)

### Import the chain for the private key certificate
$OUDINST/java/jdk/bin/keytool -import -v -trustcacerts -alias WIN-ROOT -file /tmp/ssl/Win-Root-CA.b64.cer -keystore /tmp/ssl/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.jks -keypass $WLSTOREPASS -storepass $WLSTOREPASS
$OUDINST/java/jdk/bin/keytool -import -v -trustcacerts -alias WIN-WEB -file /tmp/ssl/Win-Web-CA.b64.cer -keystore /tmp/ssl/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.jks -keypass $WLSTOREPASS -storepass $WLSTOREPASS

# get GUID for the private key in the PFX file
HOSTCERTALIAS=”$($OUDINST/java/jdk/bin/keytool -v -list -storetype pkcs12 -keystore /tmp/ssl/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.pfx –storepass $WLSTOREPASS | grep Alias | cut -d: -f2-)”

# Change the cert alias to be the short hostname
$OUDINST/java/jdk/bin/keytool -importkeystore -srckeystore /tmp/ssl/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.pfx -destkeystore /tmp/ssl/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.jks -srcstoretype pkcs12 -deststoretype JKS -alias $HOSTCERTALIAS -storepass $WLSTOREPASS -srcstorepass $WLSTOREPASS
$OUDINST/java/jdk/bin/keytool -changealias -alias $HOSTCERTALIAS -destalias ${HOSTNAME%%.*} -keypass $WLSTOREPASS -keystore /tmp/ssl/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.jks -storepass $WLSTOREPASS

# Verify you have a WIN-ROOT, WIN-WEB, and hostname record
$OUDINST/java/jdk/bin/keytool -v -list -keystore /tmp/ssl/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.jks –storepass $WLSTOREPASS | grep Alias

# Back up the current Java keystore file and move the new one into place
CURRENTDATE=”$(date +%Y%m%d)”
mv $OUDINST/Oracle/Middleware/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.jks $OUDINST/Oracle/Middleware/$CURRENTDATE.jks

cp $OUDINST/Oracle/Middleware/asinst_1/OUD/config/truststore $OUDINST/Oracle/Middleware/asinst_1/OUD/config/truststore-$CURRENTDATE
$OUDINST/java/jdk/bin/keytool -import -v -trustcacerts -alias WIN-ROOT -file /tmp/ssl/Win-Root-CA.b64.cer -keystore $OUDINST/Oracle/Middleware/asinst_1/OUD/config/truststore -keypass $WLSTOREPASS -storepass $WLSTOREPASS
$OUDINST/java/jdk/bin/keytool -import -v -trustcacerts -alias WIN-WEB -file /tmp/ssl/Win-Web-CA.b64.cer -keystore $OUDINST/Oracle/Middleware/asinst_1/OUD/config/truststore -keypass $WLSTOREPASS -storepass $WLSTOREPASS

mv /tmp/ssl/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.jks $OUDINST/Oracle/Middleware/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.jks

# START THE LDAP SERVER AND check for errors / test

# Backout:
# Stop the LDAP server
# mv $OUDINST/Oracle/Middleware/$CURRENTDATE.jks $OUDINST/Oracle/Middleware/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.jks
# mv $OUDINST/Oracle/Middleware/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.jks /tmp/ssl/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.jks
# Start the LDAP server

Updating Weblogic Certificate For OUD Management Utility

This is the process I use to update the WebLogic SSL certificate for our OUD management web interface. 

# There are two environment variables set to allow this to work:
WLSTOREPASS=Wh@t3v3rY0uU53d # WLSTOREPASS is set to whatever is used for the keystore and truststore password
# OUDINST=/path/to/OUD/installation (root into which both java and OUD were installed — if you are using an OS package
# for java, your paths will be different)
#Log into https://hostname.domain.gTLD:7002/console (or whatever your WL console URL is)
# As my WebLogic instance auths users via LDAP, I log in with my UID & pwd … you may have a generic account like ‘admin’
#Navigate to Domain Structure => Environment => Servers
#Select “AdminServer”
#Keystores tab — will tell you the name of the keystore and trust store
#SSL tab — will tell you the friendly name of the certificate
# Verify the keystore and truststore are $OUDINST/Oracle/Middleware/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.jks,
# Verify the friendly name of the certificate is the short hostname
# Verify the keystore is using the normal keystore password
#[ldap@dell115 ~]$ $OUDINST/java/jdk/bin/keytool -v -list -keystore $OUDINST/Oracle/Middleware/dell115.jks –storepass $WLSTOREPASS| grep Alias
#Alias name: dell115
#Alias name: win-we
#Alias name: win-root
#Alias name: winca1-root
#Alias name: winca1-issuing
# *** If you do not get any output, remove the ” | grep Alias” part and check for errors. “keytool error: Keystore was tampered with, or password was incorrect” means the password is different.
# *** either try to guess the password (company name or ‘a’ are good guesses, along with the java-typical default of changeit)
# *** to continue using the existing password or you’ll need to update the keystore and truststore passwords in the web GUI.
# *** Since the keystores are generated using the process below … 99% of the time, the password matches.
# Generate a cert with appropriate info, export public/private key as a PFX file named with the short hostname of the server (i.e. dell115.pfx here) and, as the keystore password, use whatever you’ve set in $WLSTOREPASS

 # DURING THE CHANGE, as the ldap service account on the server:

mkdir /tmp/ssl

# Put base 64 public keys for our root and web CA in /tmp/ssl as Win-Root-CA.b64.cer and Win-Web-CA.b64.cer
# Put public/private key export from above in /tmp/ssl 

# Import the keychain for your certificate
$OUDINST/java/jdk/bin/keytool -import -v -trustcacerts -alias WIN-ROOT -file /tmp/ssl/Win-Root-CA.b64.cer -keystore /tmp/ssl/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.jks -keypass $WLSTOREPASS -storepass $WLSTOREPASS

$OUDINST/java/jdk/bin/keytool -import -v -trustcacerts -alias WIN-WEB -file /tmp/ssl/Win-Web-CA.b64.cer -keystore /tmp/ssl/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.jks -keypass $WLSTOREPASS -storepass $WLSTOREPASS 

# get GUID for cert within PFX file
HOSTCERTALIAS=”$($OUDINST/java/jdk/bin/keytool -v -list -storetype pkcs12 -keystore /tmp/ssl/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.pfx –storepass $WLSTOREPASS | grep Alias | cut -d: -f2-)” 

# Import the private key
$OUDINST/java/jdk/bin/keytool -importkeystore -srckeystore /tmp/ssl/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.pfx -destkeystore /tmp/ssl/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.jks -srcstoretype pkcs12 -deststoretype JKS -alias $HOSTCERTALIAS -storepass $WLSTOREPASS -srcstorepass Ra1n1ng1

# Change the alias to match what is configured in the web GUI
$OUDINST/java/jdk/bin/keytool -changealias -alias $HOSTCERTALIAS -destalias ${HOSTNAME%%.*} -keypass $WLSTOREPASS-keystore /tmp/ssl/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.jks -storepass $WLSTOREPASS

# Verify you have a WIN-ROOT, WIN-WEB, and hostname record

$OUDINST/java/jdk/bin/keytool -v -list -keystore /tmp/ssl/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.jks –storepass $WLSTOREPASS | grep Alias

# Stop the weblogic server

# Back up current keystore file and move new one into place
CURRENTDATE=”$(date +%Y%m%d)”
mv $OUDINST/Oracle/Middleware/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.jks $OUDINST/Oracle/Middleware/$CURRENTDATE.jks
cp /tmp/ssl/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.jks $OUDINST/Oracle/Middleware/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.jks

# Start the weblogic server in the screen session, then disconnect from the screen session

# Assuming success
rm -rf /tmp/ssl

# Backout is
# stop weblogic
mv $OUDINST/Oracle/Middleware/$CURRENTDATE.jks  $OUDINST/Oracle/Middleware/${HOSTNAME%%.*}.jks
# start weblogic

Fixing The Problems You Create

I’ve thought of Trump’s EO on child separation like a fireman torching buildings and “saving” people from the inferno. But his actions are more like throwing the person a dodgy life preserver he knows was recalled a few years back and calling himself a hero as soon as the person touches the thing. Anyone bother dragging the dude to safety? Anyone care that the preserver takes on water and sinks ten seconds later? Nope – I threw the thing, so I saved the guy.

The Obama admin took the “family detention center” approach to the issue. Flores v Lynch 212 F.Supp.3d 907 (2015) found that this violated the 1997 Flores Agreement *and* ordered the release of (I’m too lazy to look up how many) both detained children and their parents. Flores v. Lynch, 828 F.3d 898 (2016) determined that the *parents* did not have an affirmative right of release under the agreement … and what do you do if you are legally barred from holding the kids but *could* hold the parents. You either separate families or release both parents and children.

So Trump signs an EO saying to take measures consistent with the law to avoid separating families. What’s that fix? Either they do what they are doing today (and cite Flores v. Lynch as REQUIRING they separate families because the kids are not actually being detained but rather waiting for accommodations whilst their parents are detained during their transit of the legal system) or they go the family detention center route & pretend like they’re trying to convince some judge how this is materially different than when Obama did it.

We’re 3D Printing!

There are things that are evidently too self-evident to bear mentioning — I’m certain I do it too. A friend of mine who taught computer programming used the example of telling a student how to get to the Bursar’s office v/s writing computer code to do it. You don’t have to tell the person to leave the room, go down the hall, down the stairs, and outside. There’s a lot of instruction humans will infer. A computer, on the other hand, will be completely stymied if you omit a few steps.

Well, 3D printing seems to be loaded with so-obvious-I-won’t-mention-it stuff. A lot of getting started guides and troubleshooting guides are out there in Internet-land — level the bed at the temp you’ll be printing, temperature guides for different materials, how to identify leveling or flow problems in prints. But to get started … there are a few vital pieces of info that seem to fall into the “so obvious it isn’t worth mentioning” category.

Loading the WanHao Duplicator i3 Plus / Monoprice Maker Select IIIp v2, you have to depress the little lever to load filament. Also — even though you’ve got a brand new 3D printer, they’ve run a test print on it. Nice way to confirm everything works … but it also means that brand new device you just pulled out of the box … has a clogged nozzle and needs to be cleaned.

Filament doesn’t start flowing perfectly immediately — add a couple lines of ‘skirt’ to your print. It does nothing to prevent warping or increase bed adhesion, but it makes a small loop that you don’t subsequently need to detach from your printout. If there are a couple of blobs before the extruder really gets going on that little loop? No big.

With three leveling screws, you are never going to get it perfect. Each little tweak throws all the others out of whack (three points define a plane, four over-define it). Get the bed level to the point you’re making little teeny tiny adjustments and you’re good.

And in Cura – all of the good settings you need to tweak up to get adhesion (primarily temperatures, speed, and initial layer height) are hidden. The “Print Setup” section defaults to “Recommended”. Click “Custom” and you’ll see settings for all of the stuff people recommend to sort poor adhesion, poor print quality, etc.


And some gcode to wipe off the extruder tip before printing because I want to be able to find it again:

M107 ;turn off fan
G28 X0 Y0 Z0 ; home X, Y and Z axis end-stops
G29 ; initiate z-probing
G0 X0 Y0 F9000 ; Go to front
G0 Z0.15 ; Drop to bed
G92 E0 ; zero the extruded length
G1 X40 E25 F500 ; Extrude 25mm of filament in a 4cm line
G92 E0 ; zero the extruded length
G1 E-1 F500 ; Retract a little
G1 X80 F4000 ; Quickly wipe away from the filament line
G1 Z0.3 ; Raise and begin printing.

Restaurants and Bakers

If you firmly believe a baker should be able to refuse to bake for same-sex weddings, how can you think a restaurant owner us wrong to eject the face of the Trump White House?

It’s not discrimination if you object to the specific actions of an individual – that’s an opinion. Were restaurants to wholesale refuse to provide service to anyone who works under the Executive Branch (hard to ascertain that subset of people, but pretend) that might be discrimination based on political affiliation. But if a baker’s free speech / religion rights permit refusing service to individuals who wish to marry someone of the same gender … how do free speech / religion rights not permit refusing service to Republicans as a whole?

The problem seems to be, again, people conflate the freedom from government enacted punishment with freedom from consequences. You have the right to assemble and spew whatever white supremacist rubbish you want. But you may find yourself fired. Or court marshaled. Or ostracized in your neighborhood.

Oracle Unified Directory Bug – Paged Queries

I’ve encountered a bug with paged queries to a front end (“directory proxy”) Oracle Unified Directory server. When the load balancing algorithm is configured to distribute traffic equally across the back-end servers (proportional distribution algorithm), some queries return duplicate records. Not quite an infinite loop — for a small-ish (like 1300 objects) record set, I usually reach the end of the returned data round 50k records. But certainly not a valid result set either. And for a large result set (like 13,000 objects), it seems endless.

The oddest thing, though, is that different filters which produce the same result set do not all return duplicate results. Our uid values are algorithmically formed — those with employeeType of RealEmployee all start with ‘A’, those with employeeType of Contractor all start with ‘B’ type of rule. The prefix is then followed by a numeric sequence number. The filter (&(!(uid=A*)(uid=B*))(sn=*)) duplicates results and seemingly runs forever. The filter (&((employeeType=RealEmployee)(employeeType=Contractor))(sn=*)) returns the ~11k expected results. Go figure. Although this is algorithmically quite odd, it does provide a nice work-around to the bug as I just had to try different filters until I found one that produced non-duplicated results.

No hidden message

The first lady’s staff says there was no hidden message to the “I really don’t care. Do u?” jacket Trump wore whilst embarking for Texas to see the children separated from their parents and housed in former WalMart stores and tent cities. Apart from the literal “yeah, I’ll concede the message wasn’t hidden as it was emblazoned in large letters across the back of the jacket”, I assume the spokesperson meant there was no meaning to the message quite visibly displayed. That is a TERRIBLE defense. The claim is a staggering level of incompetent ignorance – for both the first lady and her staff – meant no one considered the sartorial choices made for the visit.

Flood heels I could accept — I used to wear high heeled shoes all.the.bloody.time! Your calf muscle adapts, after years of this mistreatment, and not wearing heels is uncomfortable. Walking on your feet stretches the calf muscle. Now I didn’t wear 5″ stilettos, so I can only imagine the muscle strain one might induce with such contraptions. Honestly the glowing white sneakers bothered me more — blazing white shoes don’t scream “I am going to slog through some mud here”.

But in electing to wear this jacket, and attributing no meaning to the message literally printed on the thing, they claim that a former model — someone whose profession is cultivating a “look” for profit — does not consider the WORDS that appear on her clothing?! That a political staff — whose profession is cultivating an “image” for profit — do not consider the WORDS that appear on the politician’s clothing?!

The truth is there wasn’t a hidden message, nor was the plainly visible message the message. But there was intent to wearing the jacket — trolling liberals.  Her husband’s method of garnering popularity. “OMG, look at all these crazy liberals freaking out that the First Lady doesn’t care about suffering children! What a bunch of crazy idiots!”. And it works – I’m sure there are entire threads about how wacky libtards are freaking out about a jacket. Because he isn’t president of slightly less than half of the voters who agree with his policy positions, or trust him, or think he’s going to do a good job. He’s president of people who want him to be angry at the people which whom they are angry. He’s president of the 4chan set who want to upset people just to prove people are too sensitive.

Crystal Balls

Because no one could foresee tragedy when dumping thousands of young kids in tents across a part of the country that gets more than a little warm. The forecast for Fort Bliss (oh, the irony!) on Saturday is 105 degrees Farenheit.

I’ll concede that’s cherry picked data – today’s high is 99, tomorrow it’s 100. Thurs 101, Fri 104, and Sun – Tue are 101. But I’m not sure “it wasn’t 105 F *every* day” is going to be a lot of comfort to kids suffering from heat stroke in some overcrowded tent.

But he MADE me do it

I wondered if this was the logic when he first started in about how it was the Democrat’s that were forcing the separation. Not that the Dem’s passed some laws forcing kids to be separated from parents but that the Dem’s refusal to just go along with asinine policies that don’t even do much to reduce illegal entries mean the trump administration “has” to do all of this terrible stuff. Good to see the master negotiator at work here. 

Curious, too, that *immigration* laws are going to deter ‘criminals’ whereas gun laws won’t. I’d almost give on immigration policies for the analogous gun control policy: a wall (longer waiting periods), merit based immigration (more background checks and reasons for denying ownership), ending lottery/chain (no gun or ownership is grandfathered)